Addis Ababa “New Flower” was established by emperor Menellik II in 1886. the capital of Ethiopia lies  on the central plateau of Ethiopia  north of the equator with an altitude range between 2500 and 3000 meters due to this elevation Addis Ababa is the third highest capital city in the world next to Lapaz of  Bolivia and Quito of Ecuador in south America. Addis Ababa covers an area of 540 square km. it is the diplomatic capital of Africa with the head quarters of AU/African Union/, the ECA /Economic commission for Africa/ and the head quarters of various international organizations. There are about 129 international embassies and consular missions in Addis Ababa and this makes Addis Ababa to be the fourth important diplomatic city after New York, Washington and London.